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Qualitative and Quantitative Research: Paradigmatic Differences.

V Arghode- Global Education Journal, 2012 -

… traditions differ, the research purpose of both qualitative and quantitative research traditions
… The next section presents epistemological differences and similarities between quantitative

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Cited by 474 Related articles

(Video) Use Google Scholar for academic research: Google Scholar search tips & tricks

[PDF][PDF] A comparative discussion of the notion of validity in qualitative and quantitative research

G Winter- The qualitative report, 2000 - Citeseer

… 'validity' in both quantitative and qualitative research methods and will briefly … compare
the claims to 'validity' made by quantitative and qualitative researchers, highlighting similarities

Strengths and limitations of qualitative and quantitative research methods

A Queirós, D Faria, F Almeida- European journal of education studies, 2017 -

… and known by researchers. This paper concisely maps a total of … qualitative methods and
five quantitative methods. A comparative analysis of the most relevant and adopted methods is …

The relationship between qualitative and quantitative research: Lessons from feminist psychology

C Griffin, A Phoenix- Journal of community & applied social…, 1994 - Wiley Online Library

… approach in psychological research has involved the use of quantitative methods within a …
tive and quantitative methods have their strengths and limitations, depending on the research

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Cited by 153 Related articles All 5 versions

(Video) Beginners Guide to Google Scholar: Use Google Scholar for Academic Research

Validity and validation in qualitative and quantitative research

TA Kleven- Nordic studies in education, 2008 -

research methodology that quantitative research is based on positivistic assumptions while
qualitative research is … The process of validation is partly different, but has striking similarities, …

If you could just provide me with a sample: examining sampling in qualitative and quantitative research papers

C Thompson- Evidence-Based Nursing, 1999 -

research, and discusses sampling characteristics we should look for in quantitative and
qualitative studies. … In qualitative terms, the similarity of patients enables you to judge whether the …

Reconciling paradigm assumptions of qualitative and quantitative research

JE Haase, ST Myers- Western journal of nursing research, 1988 -

Qualitative approaches assume the world to be in a dynamic state offlux and truth found in …
patterns composed of differences as well as similarities. Recognition of the differences results …

Discovery as basic methodology of qualitative and quantitative research

G Kleining, H Witt- …/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 2001 -

… Further data can show different similarities. In this way several "batches" of data may become
… In quantitative research it means for instance that a repeated or different measurement will …

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Cited by 191 Related articles All 11 versions

(Video) How to use Google Scholar for Academic Research

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[HTML][HTML] Worked examples of alternative methods for the synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research in systematic reviews

PJ Lucas, J Baird, L Arai, C Law…- …research…, 2007 - bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral…

methods for combining different data types from the qualitative and quantitative research
scope, differences and similarities among studies were used to draw conclusions across the …

[PDF][PDF] Qualitative and quantitative research paradigms in business research: A philosophical reflection

SK Antwi, K Hamza- European journal of business and management, 2015 -

… In the light of looking for possible similarities and differencesqualitative versus quantitative
research, rather to describe and reflect on the philosophical stance guiding the two research


(Video) How to Find Peer Reviewed Journal Articles on Google Scholar


What are the 3 Google Scholar hacks? ›

5 Hacks for Using Google Scholar
  • Use keywords to generate more focused and relevant search results.
  • Use an advanced search to further narrow your search results.
  • Use the “Related articles” and “Cited by” features to find even more relevant sources.
Jan 24, 2022

Is Google Scholar good enough? ›

Google Scholar can lead to hundreds of relevant "scholarly" articles in seconds. It has a search interface similar to Google so it is clean and simple to use. Google Scholar includes a list of references under each source.

What is the criticism of Google Scholar? ›

Scholar is also criticized for not providing an open application programming interface (API) to other services, and for not sharing its sources, ranking approach or algorithms.

How do I use Google Scholar efficiently? ›

18 Google Scholar tips all students should know
  1. Copy article citations in the style of your choice. ...
  2. Dig deeper with related searches. ...
  3. And don't miss the related articles. ...
  4. Read the papers you find. ...
  5. Access Google Scholar tools from anywhere on the web with the Scholar Button browser extension.
Dec 13, 2022

Is there anything better than Google Scholar? ›

The best alternative is ResearchGate, which is free. Other great sites and apps similar to Google Scholar are Semantic Scholar, Scinapse, Publish or Perish and Elicit. Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array...

What is the accuracy of Google Scholar? ›

Keep in mind that GS has come a long way since it was introduced in 2004. WoS and Scopus have accuracy above the level of 99% while GS has an accuracy level above 95%.

Why is Google Scholar more reliable than Google? ›

While Google searches the entire Web, Google Scholar limits its searches to only academic journal articles produced by commercial publishers or scholarly societies. Google Scholar eliminates material from corporations, non-scholarly organizations, and from individuals.

Is Microsoft academic better than Google Scholar? ›

Like Google Scholar, Microsoft Academic is a free academic search engine, but unlike Google Scholar, Microsoft Academic facilitates bulk access to its data via an Applications Programming Interface (API) (Wang et al. 2020).

Why is PubMed better than Google Scholar? ›

The Google Scholar engine uses an algorithm that puts weight on citation counts, and therefore the first search results are often highly cited articles. 1 In contrast, PubMed uses an algorithm that searches the title, abstract, and headings of articles in the National Library of Medicine database.

Does Google Scholar mean peer-reviewed? ›

With Google Scholar, you can search by scholar preferences, easily navigate to related articles, and see how many times an article has been cited. Use search criteria to locate peer-reviewed articles.

What is the point of Google Scholar? ›

Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites.

Who is the most cited person on Google Scholar? ›

Highly Cited Researchers (h>100) according to their Google Scholar Citations public profiles
1Ronald C Kessler466308
2JoAnn E Manson383680
3Robert Langer359953
4Graham Colditz349617
92 more rows

Who is behind Google Scholar? ›

History. Google Scholar arose out of a discussion between Alex Verstak and Anurag Acharya, both of whom were then working on building Google's main web index. Their goal was to "make the world's problem solvers 10% more efficient" by allowing easier and more accurate access to scientific knowledge.

Is Google Scholar a good search engine? ›

Google Scholar is the clear number one when it comes to academic search engines. It's the power of Google searches applied to research papers and patents. It not only let's you find research papers for all academic disciplines for free, but also often provides links to full text PDF file.

How many citations is good on Google Scholar? ›

Three citations would put it in the top 10% most cited articles. Obviously, for articles published in earlier years the number of citations to be in the top 20% or 10% may be higher.

What is a good h-index? ›

What is a Good h-Index? Hirsch reckons that after 20 years of research, an h-index of 20 is good, 40 is outstanding, and 60 is truly exceptional. In his paper, Hirsch shows that successful scientists do, indeed, have high h-indices: 84% of Nobel prize winners in physics, for example, had an h-index of at least 30.

How do I get more results per page on Google Scholar? ›

Click <Settings> option and you will see <Search Settings>. Then you will see result per page and then you can set according to requirement <10> - <100> for Google search.

Which is better Google Scholar or ResearchGate? ›

It is observed that for a significantly large number of authors, GS records a higher number of total citations as compared to RG. In fact, for 1753 out of 1,758 authors (i.e., 99.7%), GS records higher citation counts as compared to RG. There are only 5 authors for whom RG records more citations than GS.

What is the best academic search engine? ›


Google Scholar is an academic search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Great for academic research, you can use Google Scholar to find articles from academic journals, conference proceedings, theses, and dissertations.

What is the best website for research? ›

The 10 Best Academic Research Sources
  • Google Scholar.
  • JSTOR.
  • Library of Congress.
  • PubMed Central.
  • Google Books.
  • Digital Commons Network.
  • ResearchGate.
Jul 19, 2022

How accurate is Google citations? ›

The citation analysis is based on the results returned by Google Scholar. These are not always 100% accurate. Here are some issues to be aware of. Please also note that Google Scholar limits its results to 1000.

Is Google Scholar scientific? ›

Google Scholar is a very powerful search engine for scientific literature that is used by many researchers and students. It is especially useful to find and access publications that you already know, or to do a quick search on a topic.

Is Google Scholar h-index reliable? ›

Since Google Scholar considers a wide range of articles in the calculation of h-index (even free articles available online and not published in valid journals), is not accurate like the other two databases, but since it is a free tool and there are many widgets to use, it is convenient.

What is one of the biggest problems with using Google Scholar as a source for academic writing? ›

It allows you to search multiple formats across multiple disciplines in one search. Cons: Google Scholar doesn't access everything in the library's subscription databases, especially the most current information. Not everything is peer-reviewed, nor can you search or filter by peer-review status.

How complete is Google Scholar? ›

Despite some claims, Google Scholar is not comprehensive. It is only searching and skimming what it finds on the Web within a particular context. Most content in Google Scholar is from 1995 on, although they will have some content from earlier years.

Can I use Google Scholar for university? ›

University students worldwide, however, know it as a godsend tool to help them with literature search or looking up scholarly materials for their academic writing assignments. The tool allows users to find full text or metadata of scholarly literature across a wide range of publishing formats and disciplines.

What is Google Scholar rank? ›

Google Scholar Metrics allows authors to view journal rankings and ratings by various h-indeces. Journal ranking can be viewed for the top 100 publications in 9 different languages, or by broad subject research areas and numerous subcategories.

What replaced Microsoft academic? ›

OpenAlex: The Promising Alternative to Microsoft Academic Graph.

Should I use PubMed or MEDLINE? ›

Tip: PubMed is a great interface for carrying out a basic scoping search, or if you wish to identify a limited number of key references. MEDLINE via Ovid is recommended if you wish to carry out a comprehensive, structured or systematic search.

Is PubMed predatory? ›

Once referred to as the "gold standard to biomedical literature," and containing numerous high quality medical research publications, it has been discovered that predatory resources have made there way into PubMed as well.

Why do people use PubMed? ›

PubMed is a free resource supporting the search and retrieval of biomedical and life sciences literature with the aim of improving health–both globally and personally. The PubMed database contains more than 35 million citations and abstracts of biomedical literature.

Does Google Scholar refine your search? ›

Advanced Search Options

By clicking on that arrow, a box will pop up with many features that will refine you search before you even see the results. You will be given the option to include all words, exact phrases, any of the words, at least one of the words, or none of the words that you input as your search terms.

Are Google Scholar articles academic? ›

Google Scholar includes journal and conference papers, theses and dissertations, academic books, pre-prints, abstracts, technical reports and other scholarly literature from all broad areas of research.

Why do I have to pay for everything on Google Scholar? ›

Google Scholar is free to use as a search tool. However, since it pulls information from many other databases, it's possible that some of the results you pull up will require a login (or even payment) to access the full information.

What is the difference between Google Scholar and PubMed? ›

PubMed and Google Scholar had similar recall for both overall search results (71% vs 69%) and full-text results (43% vs 51%). PubMed had better precision than Google Scholar for both overall search results (13% vs 0.07%, P < . 001) and full-text results (8% vs 0.05%, P < . 001).

How does Google Scholar make money? ›

How does Google Scholar make money? Google Scholar does not currently make money. There are many Google services that do not make a significant amount of money. The primary role of Scholar is to give back to the research community, and we are able to do so because it is not very expensive, from Google's point of view.

How many citations is good for a professor? ›

For example the most productive professors in these three disciplines have between 20 and 78 publications and 184 to 586 citations.

How many citations are good? ›

With 10 or more citations, your work is now in the top 24% of the most cited work worldwide; this increased to the top 1.8% as you reach 100 or more citations. Main take home message: the average citation per manuscript is clearly below 10!

Is an h-index of 10 good? ›

H-index scores between 3 and 5 seem common for new assistant professors, scores between 8 and 12 fairly standard for promotion to the position of tenured associate professor, and scores between 15 and 20 about right for becoming a full professor.

Is Google Scholar legal? ›

Google Scholar is a free legal research platform that's ideal for initial research and secondary sources. Google Scholar offers state and federal case law from all 50 states. Good to know: Results are sorted by relevance not date, but you can refine the results and also search within a year/s.

How many people are on Google Scholar? ›

The findings provide first-time size estimates of ProQuest and EbscoHost and indicate that Google Scholar's size might have been underestimated so far by more than 50%. By our estimation Google Scholar, with 389 million records, is currently the most comprehensive academic search engine.

How often does Google Scholar update citation counts? ›

TL;DR: every other day. Read on for details. Many scientists use Google Scholar to find papers, get alerts about new work, and —if they have a profile— display a publication list which tracks citations.

What Google Hacks are there? ›

20 Secret Google Hacks You Need to Know
  • Googly Eyes. Type 'Googly Eyes' and hit enter or click search, and you'll see the Google logo get a pair of eyes which will follow your cursor around the page!
  • This is how Google rolls! ...
  • DVD screensaver. ...
  • Loch Ness Monster. ...
  • Old-fashioned Google. ...
  • Diwali. ...
  • Anagram. ...
  • Animal Sounds.
Jun 22, 2022

What are the tricks in Google? ›

10 Best Google Tricks That Will Blow Your Mind!
  • Do A Barrel Roll.
  • Google Gravity.
  • Thanos Snap.
  • Atari Breakout.
  • Zerg Rush.
  • Flip A Coin.
  • F.R.I.E.N.D.S.
  • Vintage games.
Jan 2, 2023

How do I increase Google Scholar citations? ›

Repeating keywords and phrases will increase the likelihood your paper will be at the top of a search engine list, making it more likely to be read. Use a consistent form of your name on all of your papers. Using the same name on all of your papers will make it easier for others to find all of your published work.

What are the 10 Google secrets? ›

10 Google tricks you need to try right away and we bet you are going to love these.
  • Do a Barrel Roll. It is the best opportunity to surprise your friends with this. ...
  • Askew/Tilt. ...
  • Zerg Rush. ...
  • Blink HTML. ...
  • Party Like It's 1998. ...
  • Shake It Trick. ...
  • Atari Breakout. ...
  • Recursion.
Feb 16, 2019

Are Google Hacks illegal? ›

But Google hacks can quickly become illegal if they're used to surreptitiously access someone else's device, log in to someone else's account, or access or download protected files or documents. Searching for information may not be illegal, but using it for unauthorized purposes almost certainly is.

What is the best Google trick? ›

10 cool Google tricks we bet you didn't know!
  • ​Offline dinosaur game. The game appears whenever the internet connection is cut off and help the users to pass the time. ...
  • Askew/Tilt. ...
  • ​Flip a coin. ...
  • ​Rush Zerg. ...
  • ​Google Orbit. ...
  • ​Google Pacman. ...
  • ​Google gravity. ...
  • ​Shake It Trick.
Aug 2, 2022

How do I do a Google secret search? ›

If you want to search the web without saving your search activity to your account, you can use private browsing mode in a browser (like Chrome or Safari).
Turn on Incognito mode
  1. On your iPhone or iPad, open the Google app .
  2. Tap the Search bar.
  3. Above the keyboard, turn on Incognito mode.

What is Google magic? ›

Google Magic is a website created by Dark Arts Media. The website was intended to be a type of trick where you cover the two o's in the Google logo and make them disappear.

How many Google Scholar citations is a lot? ›

Three citations would put it in the top 10% most cited articles. Obviously, for articles published in earlier years the number of citations to be in the top 20% or 10% may be higher.

Who is the most cited on Google Scholar? ›

Highly Cited Researchers (h>100) according to their Google Scholar Citations public profiles
1Ronald C Kessler466308
2JoAnn E Manson383680
3Robert Langer359953
4Graham Colditz349617
92 more rows

Is Google Scholar reliable for citation? ›

While Google Scholar is free and easy to use, it does not mean that everything found on it is a fully reliable source. It is up to the researcher to determine if the source is reliable.

How much does Google Scholar cost? ›

Google Scholar is free to use as a search tool.

How can I get full text articles for free? ›

Download Research Paper for Free – 2023
  1. Sci-Hub. Sci-Hub is a website link with over 64.5 million academic papers and articles available for direct download. ...
  2. Z-Library. ...
  3. Library Genesis. ...
  4. Unpaywall. ...
  5. ...
  6. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) ...
  7. Researcher. ...
  8. Science Open.
Jan 1, 2023


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